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The coaching services are NOT considered as therapy and are meant to teach the client self-help tools.
Here are ten differences between psychotherapy and coaching:
- Psychotherapy can provide diagnosis using DSM (Diagnostic & Statistical Manual). A primary focus of psychotherapy is the identification and diagnosis of mental disorders. Coaching does not diagnose.
- Psychotherapy can provide diagnosis independent of the client’s self-assessment. This function is recognized by third parties such as courts, which often call psychotherapists to make diagnoses independent of client’s self-assessment. Coaching, by way of contrast, relies on the client’s self-assessment.
- Psychotherapy can use its diagnoses to treat clinical disorders. Coaching makes no claims of efficiancy in treating clinical disorders.
- Psychotherapy is often reimbursable by health insurance, since diagnosis and treatment is recognized by as being part of health care. Coaching is not usually reimbursable, since it does not constitute diagnosis or treatment.
- Goals in psychotherapy may be set by the therapist after diagnosis. Goals in coaching are typically self-identified by the client.
- Psychotherapy goals typically involve treatment of a mental disorder by the therapist. Coaching goals typically focus on quality of life.
- Psychotherapy typically involves recognized power differentials between client and therapist. This vulnerability of clients gives psychotherapist legal and ethical responsibilities. Coaching is in the nature of a supportive peer-to-peer relationship, with the results evaluated by the client, and is designed to avoid these power differentials.
- Psychotherapy may be provided by primary caregivers sch as hospitals, and may be considered an aspect of primary care. Coaching is rarely associated with primary care.
- Coaches are required to refer clients to psychotherapists or psychiatrists if the client’s problem is outside of their scope or practice. Psychotherapists are those to whom clients are referred.
- The focus of much psychotherapy is intervention by the therapist. The focus of much coaching, is the teaching of self-help tools.